More than 90% of the blood composition is made up of liquid constituent, which is known as plasma. The remaining are solid composition which includes red and white blood cell, and as well as platelets. In the time of an injury, platelet aids in the blood in forming clot. Protein rich compounds are contained in the platelets. Their job is to help the skin regenerate in time of an injury.
PRP therapy is more like blood, but with larger proportion of platelets. A typical PRP contains 5 to 10 times more platelet than normal blood.
The first step in developing PRP is to get the blood of a patient. A separation technique is then used to extract platelet from the blood, after which their concentration in increased through centrifugal process. After increasing the concentration, the platelet is then administered back into the blood.
Working principle of PRP
There is no exact explanation on how PRP works. Medical personnel make use of the fact that increasing the concentration of platelets, increasing the rate at which the body heals after an injury.
PRP therapy is done right on the spot where the injury occurred. There are two distinct approaches to doing this.
First is administering PRP on the affected site on the body. PRP is particularly effective in the treatment of Achilles tendonitis. It is a condition that swells up the heel cord, causing severe pain to the suffer. This condition is very common among athletes. A combination of PRP and pain relievers, are administered on the affected tissue. This operation hurts quite a bit especially within the first week of treatment, the pain and as well as the inflammation disappears in the second to third week following treatment.
PRP is not only used on athletes alone, but on patients who underwent surgery. Practical examples are athletes that had their tendon completely torn. In such cases, part of their treatment will include surgery. To aid accelerated healing after such surgical operation, PRP is administered on them. For better results, PRP is carefully administered into the stitched tissues.
What medical conditions are well treated by PRP Therapy?
Research is still being done to ascertain medical conditions PRP can treat. No clear conclusion has been drawn as regards this, due to a number of factors. Some of the factors include
- The site on the body where an injury occurred
- Health condition of the affected patient
- The intensity of the injury. At times injuries are caused by a disease not an accidents
From research done so far, it has become clear that PRP works well in treating conditions like chronic tendon injuries, tennis elbow. In short PRP can handle every injury on the tendons around the elbow.